1. Describe Guthrie’s use of the term reinforcement.
2. According to Guthrie, under what circumstances would punishment be an effectivetechnique in modifying behavior? Do you feel punishment is usually used as Guthrie said it should be? Explain.
3. What was Guthrie’s purpose in introducing the notion of movement produced stimuli?
4. Design an experiment to test Guthrie’s contention that anything that disrupts a stimulus pattern will preserve the last response made to that stimulus pattern.