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Vaccines and autism

Week 1 – Assignment
Presenting Arguments

Prior to beginning work on this assignment, read the assigned chapters in your textbook and watch the videos Identifying Premises and Conclusions (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site., What Is an Argument? (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site., What Is a Good Argument? (Part I) (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site., and What Is a Good Argument?: The Logic Condition (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site..

In this class, we learn to evaluate issues in light of the reasoning on all sides prior to arriving at conclusions. We aim to evaluate the quality and quantity of evidence, striving to be as objective as we can about what is most likely to be true.

If you have not done so already, begin by choosing a topic from the Final Paper Options Preview the documentlist to use in your writing assignments in this course. The next step is to formulate a specific research question that is important regarding this topic. You may review The Research Process (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. resource for more information. So, if your topic is gun control, you would formulate a specific question, such as, “Are universal background checks effective at reducing violent crime in America?”

Once you have formulated your question, conduct research from non-scholarly sources on the internet (e.g., news articles, op-eds, etc.) that present substantive reasoning on each side of the issue.

Your task is to present and evaluate the reasoning from a non-scholarly source on each side of your issue. There is no need to take sides on the issue at this stage. In your analysis, strive to be as objective as possible, evaluating the reasoning from a neutral point of view. For an example of how to complete this paper, take a look at the Week One ExamplePreview the document paper.

Your paper should include clearly labeled sections addressing the following elements:

Introduction (approximately 100 words)
Explain your topic.
State the specific question that you are addressing.
Presentation of an Argument
Describe the non-scholarly source (e.g., an op-ed, newspaper article, website, etc.) on one side of the issue and summarize the key points made (approximately 50 words).
Present what you see as the main argument from that source. Make sure to present your argument in standard form, with the premises listed above the conclusion. (approximately 100 words)
Evaluate the quality of the reasoning in this source (approximately 200 words)
In completing your evaluation, consider assessing how well the research supports the premises of the main argument and how strongly the reasoning supports the conclusion of that argument.
Presentation of an Argument on the Other Side of the Issue
Describe the non-scholarly source on the opposite side of the issue and summarize the key points made. (approximately 50 words)
Present what you see as the main argument from that source. Make sure to present your argument in standard form, with the premises listed above the conclusion. (approximately 100 words)
Evaluate the quality of the reasoning in this source (approximately 200 words)
In completing your evaluation, consider assessing how well the research supports the premises of the main argument and how strongly the reasoning supports the conclusion.

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The Presenting Arguments paper

Must be 400 to 1,000 words in length (not including title and references pages), double-spaced, and formatted according to APA style as outlined in the APA Style (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.
Must include a separate title page with the following:
Title of paper
Student’s name
Course name and number
Instructor’s name
Date submitted
For assistance with formatting of the title page, refer to APA Formatting for Word 2013 (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site..
Must use at least two sources in addition to the course text. The Help! Need Article (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. tutorial can also assist with searching for articles.
The Scholarly, Peer Reviewed, and Other Credible Sources (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. table offers additional guidance on appropriate source types. If you have questions about whether a specific source is appropriate for this assignment, please contact your instructor. Your instructor has the final say about the appropriateness of a specific source for a particular assignment.
The Integrating Research (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. tutorial will offer further assistance with including supporting information and reasoning.
Must document all sources in APA style, as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center’s Citing Within Your Paper (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.
Must include a separate references page that is formatted according to APA style. See the Formatting Your References List (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. resource in the Ashford Writing Center for specifications.

‘ve included my discussion question as well; which will be leading up to my final paper.

Do vaccines cause autism and other harmful diseases?

P1: The combination measles, mumps, rubella vaccines cause autism by damaging the intestinal lining which allows the entrance of encephalopathy proteins.

P2: Some vaccinations contain mercury which is toxic to the central nervous system.

P3: Administration of multiple vaccines overwhelms and weakens the immune system.

Conclusion: Opinions differ when it comes to the subject; one hand you have a concerned parent and the other you have unanswered scientific questions.

How clearly was the argument expressed within this source?

I feel as though the clarity of his argument was very good; you had a set of parents will absolutely believed that vaccinations are the cause of their daughters autism. Yet on the other hand he had a set of parents just didn’t know whether it was a genetic issue or vaccines, but they were eager to find the answer.

What more could be done to strengthen the reasoning in this source?

In order to strengthen the reasoning of the source, they should speak to more individuals who feel as though a loved one has been affected by vaccinations. Also, there should have been more scientific and medical explanations as to whether vaccinations do or do not cause autism.

What might one do to objectively understand the issue?

To objectively understand the issue; I’d say one must do the research from every angle. Meaning whether you feel the vaccination’s are the cause of autism and other diseases or whether you feel as though there is no connection between the two.

References:

Associated Press (Producer). (2007). US court hears of vaccine-autism link [Streaming video]. Retrieved from Associated Press Video Collection database.

Jeffrey S. Gerber

Division of Infectious Diseases, The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia

Jeffrey S. Gerber Paul A. Offit

Division of Infectious Diseases, The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia

Paul A. Offit

Clinical Infectious Diseases, Volume 48, Issue 4, 15 February 2009, Pages 456–461, https://doi.org/10.1086/596476 (Links to an external site.)

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