Final Paper Guidelines
- Summary Overview: Following the APA-style cover page (on a separate page from the body of the paper), write an approximately 100-150-word summary of your paper (this is known as the abstract). This page should serve to provide the reader with an overview of the paper’s major points. Here, you should provide a brief overview of the fallacious argument that you chose, touch upon how it demonstrates a fallacy, how this fallacy can be seen in professional life, and a short conclusion statement. It may be beneficial to write this overview after writing the balance of the paper, as you will know what you stated, and it will then just be a matter of summarizing and paraphrasing what you have written to create your abstract.
- Introduction: The introductory paragraph should clearly state the fallacious argument you chose to explore and provide a short explanation of how that fallacy disrupts argumentation. Your introduction paragraph should serve as a map for the reader; laying out the central ideas of the paper, and how they will unfold, such that the reader has solid grasp of what is to follow.
- Fallacy: Provide an in-depth exploration and analysis of a fallacious argument. You should provide a) a detailed analysis of the fallacy and explanation of the argument and why it can be said to contain a fallacy, b) the fallacy as seen in your professional life, c) the ways that the fallacy can affect argumentation and impact our critical thinking abilities, and d) any means that you have discovered to avoid problems that arise from the fallacy that you have discussed
- Detailed explanation and analysis of chosen fallacy: Here, you should not only define the fallacy that you chose, but also describe any other instances of it. Does this fallacy go by any other names? Is so, what are they? Can the fallacy be defined in multiple ways? Your goal here is to provide the reader with an authoritative analysis of the fallacy that you chose.
- The fallacy as seen in your professional life: Here, you will examine and outline the consequences of the fallacy and faulty argumentation in general and in the workplace. Provide at least one way that you can anticipate encountering your chosen fallacy in your professional life. Here, you should talk about your potential career path, ways that you can see the fallacy arising, and how the problems that come with it might be avoided. Has the fallacy arisen in the past? If so, when? How did you approach it? What were the results? Was there anything that you could have/should have done differently?
- Ways that the fallacy disrupts argumentation: Based on your findings in the previous section, discuss the various ways that your fallacy can disrupt argumentation and/or one’s critical thinking ability. In short, why is it important that your fallacy is identified and avoided?
- Means to lessen problems arising from fallacy: Based on your findings, what are some best practices for the avoidance of this fallacy? When it is encountered, what should be done?
Standardization and Truth-Table: Formal fallacies are best identified using standard/propositional logic. For this component of the assignment, you are to include the following:
- Standard Form: Place the fallacious argument that you chose into standard form
- Translation: Translate the argument into propositional logical form
- Truth Table: Construct a truth table to determine validity for the argument.
- Interpretation: State whether your table indicates a valid or invalid argument.
- Please note, if the fallacy is formal in nature, then your truth table should/will identify the argument as an invalid one.
- At the end of your paper, the final paragraph(s) should reinforce the main concepts of both Part I and Part II of the paper, as well as your insight into the importance of logic for workplace success.
- You should also address what you learned or gained through the process of completing your Portfolio Project.
- You might consider answering some of the following:
- What thinking strategies were most beneficial as you researched and composed your paper? How will you use these strategies in the future beyond this course and into your personal and/or professional life?
- What difficulties (if any) arose as you developed your paper? How were these difficulties addressed? Would that approach work in other instances including other courses, or in your personal and/or professional life?
- What parts of this assignment did you find most difficult? Easiest? Why do you think that this is the case, and what does this tell you about yourself and tackling difficult tasks in your future schooling, work, or personal life?
- Is there anything that you would do differently if you had the ability to do the assignment again? If so, what?
- What best practices or strategies would you offer a student having to complete this assignment for the first time? How might these strategies carry over to the world of work or personal life?
References: Provide a reference list with the sources used in your paper in proper APA style. You should have at least four different references listed.
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