1. Describe how you would reduce the probability of a child being fearful of a new situation, such as a new baby-sitter, using the procedure of associative shifting.
2. Discuss Thorndike’s principles of belongingness and polarity.
3. Summarize what Thorndike learned from his research on the spread of effect.
4. What, according to Thorndike, provides humans with their greatest hope for the future?