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Evidence-Based Practice Assignment | Custom Homework Help

PICO question ( In patients at risk for pressure ulcers, will the use of prophylactic dressings as compared not to using prophlactic dressings reduced pressure ulcers?

Needs 5 research and 2 non research articles, all need to be attached as PDF for reference,

The Johns Hopkins Hospital/Johns Hopkins University. May not be used or reprinted without permission.
Johns Hopkins Nursing Evidence-Based Practice
Appendix B: Question Development Tool
1. What is the problem and why is it important?
2. What is the current practice?
3. What is the focus of the problem?
 Clinical  Educational  Administrative
4. How was the problem identified? (Check all that apply)
 Safety/risk management concerns
 Quality concerns (efficiency, effectiveness,
timeliness, equity, patient-centeredness)
 Unsatisfactory patient, staff, or organizational
outcomes
 Variations in practice within the setting
 Variations in practice compared with
external organizations
 Evidence validation for current practice
 Financial concerns
5. What is the scope of the problem?
 Individual  Population  Institution/system
6. What are the PICO components?
P – (Patient, population, problem):
I – (Intervention):
C – (Comparison with other interventions, if applicable):
O – (Outcomes that include metrics for evaluating results):
7. Initial EBP question:
8. List possible search terms, databases to search, and search strategies:
9. What evidence must be gathered? (Check all that apply)
 Literature search
 Standards (regulatory, professional, community)
 Guidelines
 Expert opinion
 Patient/family preferences
 Clinical expertise
 Organizational data
© The Johns Hopkins Hospital/Johns Hopkins University. May not be used or reprinted without permission.
Johns Hopkins Nursing Evidence-Based Practice
Appendix B: Question Development Tool
Directions for Use of the Question Development Tool
Purpose: This form is used to develop an answerable question and to guide the team in
the evidence search process. The question, search terms and strategy, and
sources of evidence can be revised as the EBP team refines the EBP project
focus.
What is the problem and why is it important? Indicate why the project was
undertaken. What led the team to seek evidence? Make sure the problem
statement defines the actual problem and does not include a solution statement.
What is the current practice? Define the current practice as it relates to the problem.
What is the focus of the problem? Is the problem a clinical concern (e.g., preventing
blood stream infections); an educational concern (e.g., discharge teaching for
patients); or an administrative concern (e.g., safety of 12-hour nursing shifts)?
How was the problem identified? Check the statements that describe how the
problem was identified.
What is the scope of the problem? Does the problem look at an individual (e.g.,
clinician, patient, family member); a population (e.g., adult cardiac patients,
recovery room nurses); or an institution/system (e.g., patient transportation, patient
or staff satisfaction)?
What are the PICO components?
 P (patient, population, problem) e.g., age, sex, setting, ethnicity, condition,
disease, type of patient, or population
 I (intervention) e.g., treatment, medications, education, diagnostic tests or best
practice(s)
 C (comparison with other interventions or current practice) may not be applicable
if your question is looking for best practice.
 O (outcome) stated in measurable terms, expected outcomes based on the
intervention identified, e.g., decrease in fall rate, decrease in length of stay,
increase in patient satisfaction.
Initial EBP Question. A starting question that can be refined and adjusted as the team
searches through the literature.
List possible search terms. Using PICO components and the initial EBP question, list
relevant terms to begin the evidence search. Terms can be added or adjusted as
the evidence search continues. Document the search terms, strategy, and
databases searched in sufficient detail for replication.
What evidence must be gathered? Check the types of evidence the team will gather
based on the PICO and initial EBP question.

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