Explain the distinction that Rescorla makes between contingency and contiguity as a necessary condition for classical conditioning to occur.

1. How does the Rescorla-Wagner theory explain blocking?

2. Explain the distinction that Rescorla makes between contingency and contiguity as a necessary condition for classical conditioning to occur.

3. What experimental arrangement produces what Rescorla calls a truly random control condition? Why, according to Rescorla, is a truly random control group necessary in classical conditioning studies?

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