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COMPARISON OF ICONOGRAPHY WITHIN MEDIEVAL BYZANTINE EMPIRE AND EARLY ISLAM

Iconography entails the complexartisticforms and gesturesusedto convey religious concepts, visuals,and representations of religious events and ideas.Islam is generally considerediconoclastic religion, where a representation of livingthings has been prohibited from the beginning.Nevertheless, in no place has the Quran dealt with this problem or explicitly speaks against such representation. Islam’s attitudetowards iconography is basically in tune with the monotheistic doctrine that there is no other creator but God. Therefore, any act of creating a likeliness of anything might be interpreted as an illegal arrogation of humans’ divine creative power. The Quran stressesthatGod cannot share his powers with a partner.[1] It also warns against any belief that idols will intercede for people, together with idols,since this willbecome fuel for hellfire on judgmentday.However, there has beenthe use of art in the Muslim religion to erase faith and culture.[2] The artworks are erected in mosquesandpalaces.

On the contrary, in the medieval Byzantine Empire, icons were prevalent, where icons used to portray holy figures representoccasions or figures within the church history. Icons may be set in the holy churches of God, utensils, vestments, walls, houses,and even on the streets. Icons can be used as a representationofJesusChrist, angels,and even saints. The Ten Commandments were also examples of icons that represented the rules that human beings needed to abide by and live in line with what gods required of people. The commandments were engravedon two tablets of stone.[3]However, according to the Iconoclastic Council, therewas controversy inthe use of iconography by the Byzantine Empire.[4]This is since the then emperor had anegative stance on iconography; he condemned icons’ liturgical use as heresy.

Bibliography

Encyclopedia Brittanica. 2020. “Shirk in Islam.”

Encyclopedia Brittanica. 2020. “Ten Commandments .”

Khan Academy. 2020. “The Five pillars of Islam Introduction to cultuires abnd religions for the study of AP .”

The Iconoclastic Council. 754. “EPITOME OF THE DEFINITION OF THE ICONOCLASTIC CONCIL , HELD IN CONSTANTINOPLE, A.D. 754.”

[1]Encyclopedia Brittanica. 2020. “Shirk in Islam.”

[2]Khan Academy. 2020. “The Five pillars of Islam Introduction to cultuires abnd religions for the study of AP .”

[3]Encyclopedia Brittanica. 2020. “Ten Commandments .”

[4]The Iconoclastic Council. 754. “EPITOME OF THE DEFINITION OF THE ICONOCLASTIC CONCIL , HELD IN CONSTANTINOPLE, A.D. 754.”

 

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